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24 Carat Palmrosa Cultivation

Introduction to Palmrosa Cultivation: Palmrosa is tropical perennial grass which is bing cultivated for its oil that smells like rose fragrance. It is perennial plant thrives well in tropical and humid climatic conditions. This plant grows wild in some parts of India. Palmrosa is also known as Indian Rosha or Motia. This perennial grass plant is native to south East Asia. Especially India. Palmrosa used in perfumery, food flavouring and pharmaceutical industries. As we know the fact that the demand for aroma industry increasing day by day, farmer are now looking for commercial production of palmrosa crop. By adopting proper crop cultivation practices one can obtain decent profits. The following writ-up details about package practices of Palmrosa cultivation. Oil extracted from flowers, leaves and stems. Palmrosa essential oil includes perfumes, soaps and food industry. Plamrosa essential oil has Antiviral and Antiseptic properties.

Climate Requirement for Palmrosa Cultivation : Palmrosa is a tropical plant and grows well in humid condition. It requires abundant sunshine during its growing period. This crop can be cultivated at elevation up to 300 meters. The annual rainfall required is about 100 to 150 cm. the ideal temperature of 15 C to 38 C results in good growth of the grass. Palmrosa grass is sensitive to frost conditions, so avoid frost-prone areas for its cultivation.

Soil requirement of Plamrosa cultivation : Palmrosa grass can be grown in wide range of soils from poor sandy loam to heavy fertile soils. However, it thrives best in well drained loamy soils having good organic matter. The ideal pH range for its cultivation is 6.5 7.5. This plant can tolerate pH up to 9.5. Soils with water stagnation will result in poor yield and less oil. Commercial producers can go for soil test to find out the soil fertility.

Land Preparation, Planting and spacing in Palmarosa cultivation : Using local tractor, plough he land 2 to 3 time until the soil reaches fine tilth stage, this also give better aeration. Remove any weeds, dead branches or unwanted plants from previous crops. Subsequently, the land should be laid into beds after applying required manures. Use about 10 tons of manure and 8 kgs per 10 % BHCper acre. Trowel and level the field so that there will not be any water stagnation. Rain-fed crop can be planted during monsoon season and irrigated crop can be planted anytime during the year in non-forest regions. Palmrosa seeds should be sown directly or seedlings (raised on nursery beds) should be transplanted in the field during the rainy season. Healthy and established seedling or slips of 20-25 cm long should be planted during rainy season in rows of 30-60 cm apart with plant distance 30-60 cm within the rows planting can be done on ridges in areas receiving high rainfall to avoid water stagnation in the field. Seedling/slips should be planted firmly but not very deep in to the soil. Transplanting is preferred in evening hours to avoid transplantation shock. Carry out light irrigation after transplanting. Gap filling should be done within 10 – 12 days of planting. Its is recommended to plant 2 seedling per hill to avoid any seedling mortality. When it comes seed rate, the optimum seed rate is 2.5 to 3 kg of seeds/Ha. If slips are planted, it requires about 30,000 slips /ha covering the 60 60 cm spacing.

Irrigation in Palmrosa cultivation : Irrigation at right stages gives more yield. This crop can be grown as rain fed crop as well as under irrigated conditions. Flood irrigation is best suited for this crop. The frequency of irrigation depends on the climate and soil moisture holding capacity. In dry and hot climate in summer, it requires irrigation at 10 -12 days interval. Avoid water logging and make sure to have well drainage in the field. Stop irrigation 7 – 8 days before harvesting the grass.

Manures and fertilzers in Palmrosacultivation : Palmrosa crop responds very well to manures and fertilizers. Farmyard manure of 5 tons /acre (should be applied during land preparation ) and N:P:K of 20:50:40 kg/ha should be applied as basal dose. Top dressing should be done with “N” (Nitrogen) of 15 kg/ha in 3 split doses which should be 3, 6 and 9 months after planting. Making weed-free is important for any crop cultivation. In Palmrosa cultivation, 2 to 3 weeding and hoeing should be carried during early stages (in first year) to remove any unwanted material from the field. Subsequent years require 2 intercultural ( weeding plus hoeing) operations. Earthing up should be done after each harvest and top dressing.

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