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24 Carat Amla

Introduction:

Embelica officinalis commonly known as Amla or Indian Gooseberry or Nelli is an important crop in India with high medicinal value. The fruits have the richest source of vitamin - C (700 mg per 100g of fruits) and is considered to be good liver tonic. The various preparations using Amla include chyavanaprash, Triphala churna, Brahma Rasayana and Madumegha churna. The fruit is valued as and antiscorbutic, diuretic, laxative, antibiotic and anti-dysentric. Phyllemblin, obtained from fruit pulp has been found to have mild depressant action on central nervous system. It has good demand from the industries for the preparation of various health care products also like hair oil, dye, shampoo, face creams and tooth powder. In India, some people even make pickles with amla.

Turn Key Projects : We provide total consultancy with regard to selection of crops suitable to specific geographical regions, provide comprehensive project reports about economical viability, cultivation methods, maintenance, harvesting, post harvesting technology, marketing etc. we also take up Turn-key project right from planting materials to marketing of the produce.

plant upto the age 3 years should be protected from hot wind during May-June and from frost during winter months. The mature plants can tolerate freezing temperature as well as a high temperature up to 46 C.

Soil requirement for Amla Farming : Light and medium heavy soils except purely sandy soil is ideal for amla cultivation. The tree is well adopted to dry region and can also be grown in moderate alkaline soils.

Amal varieties : The varieties recommended for cultivation are NA-7, NA -10 and BSR-1. Banarasi, Chakaiya, NA-4(Krishna), NA -5 (Kanchan), NA-6,

Amla Planting material and Inputs : 15 kg FYM and 0.5 kg phosphorus should be applied to each pit before planting. Application of 30 gm of nitrogen each year during September - October up to 10 years for each tree is recommended.

Planting in Amla Farming : The pits of 1 m3 are to be dug during June- July at a distance of 15ft x15ft spacing and should be left for 15-20 days exposing to sunlight. Each pit should be filled with surface soil mixed with 15 kg farm yard manure before planting the budded seedling.

Irrigation/Water supply in Amla Farming : Young plants require watering during summer months plants is advised during summer months at bi-weekly interval. After the monsoon rains, during October - December about 25 – 30 liters of water per day per tree through drip irrigation should be given. Drip Irrigation is best way of watering amla plants.

Training and Pruning in Amla Farming : Leaving only 4-5 well shaped branches with wide angle at about 0.75 m from the ground level, other dead, diseased, week criss crossing branches and suckers should be pruned off at the end of December.

Mulching in Amla Farming : During summer, the crop should be mulched with paddy straw or wheat straw at the base of the tree upto 15-20 cm from the trunk.

Pests and Diseases in Amla Farming : Major insect in amla farming is Bark eating caterpillar and major disease is rust.

Harvesting of Amla : Amla plants starts bearing after about 4-5 years of planting. The fruits are harvested during February when they become dull greenish yellow from light green. The mature fruits are hard and they do not fall at gentle touch and therefore vigorous shaking is required. Fruits can also be harvested using long bamboo poles attached with hooks.

Yield of Amla : A mature tree of 5 years old will yield 50-70 kg of fruit. The average weight of the fruit is 60-70 grams and 1 kg contains about 15-20 fruits. A well maintained tree yields up to an age of 70 years.

Marketing of Amla : As it has medicinal value, this fruit has great demand in Indian market as well as in International market. Fruits can be transported to local markets or any herbal companies.

Bottom Line : Thriving in drought conditions, having long period of life, low investment, minimum care and it’s medicinal value makes Amla Farming very profitable business.

Bhoomi

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